Vorfahren Krahe Namensliste Krahe Ortsliste Krahe      
 Vorfahren von Wevorden Namensliste von Wevorden        
 Vorfahren von Berg Namensliste von Berg        
 Vorfahren von Reifferscheid Namensliste von Reifferscheid        
           
 Ahnenliste Krahe Nachfahren Krahe        
      Johann Adolph Steffens    

AHNENTAFEL KRAHE           Vorfahren von Elisabeth von Berg
 

‹BERSICHTSLISTE MIT DATEN UND ORTEN
Sortierung nach Ahnennummern (Kekulè)


|AHNEN-NR.  |NAMEN, VORNAMEN               | */~DATUM |GEBURTSORT       | + DATUM  |STERBEORT        |

Generation IX
|          1|von BERG, Elisabeth           |   um 1685|Ellen?           |12.05.1731|Ellen            |
Generation X
|          2|von BERG, Johann Hermann      |31.08.1646|Düren            | nach 1713|Ellen?           |
|          3|von KEPPEL, Adolfa Elisabeth  |   ca 1655|Ellen?           |          |Ellen?           |
Generation XI
|          4|von BERG, Johann Leo          |26.05.1619|Düren            |      1681|Ellen?           |
|          5|von FLOSSDORFF, Gertrud       |   ca 1620|Düren?           |          |Ellen?           |
Generation XII
|          8|von BERG, Hermann             |  vor 1579|Düren            |      1638|Düren            |
|          9|von BLEYMANN, Johanna         |   ca 1580|Düren?           |06.01.1669|Düren            |
|         10|von FLOSSDORFF, Peter         |          |                 |10.05.1636|Düren            |
|         11|IMHOFF (IMHOVE), Elisabeth    |          |                 |vor 5.1636|Düren            |
Generation XIII
|         16|von BERG, Johann              |          |                 |02.08.1606|Düren?           |
|         17|von SCHOELER, Maria           |          |                 |05.07.1579|Düren?           |
|         18|von BLEYMANN, Johann Leo      |          |                 |          |                 |
|         19|RÖMER, Gudula                 |          |                 |          |                 |
|         22|IMHOFF, Melchior              |   ca 1561|Köln             |   ca 1609|Düren            |
|         23|VOLCKWIN, Gertrud             |   ca 1565|                 |  vor 1623|Düren            |
Generation XIV
|         32|von BERG, Hermann             |          |                 |24.08.1561|Düren?           |
|         33|BREWER, Margaretha            |          |                 |10.02.1565|Düren?           |
|         34|von SCHOELER zu WEILER, Godder|      1506|                 |15.03.1577|Gereonsweiler    |
|         35|von ZEVEL, Clara              |          |                 |          |                 |
|         36|von BLEYMANN, Leo             |          |                 |          |                 |
|         37|von BERNSAU, Margaretha       |          |                 |          |                 |
|         38|RÖMER, Adam                   |          |                 |      1592|Düren            |
|         39|BACH, Johanna                 |          |                 |  vor 1599|Düren            |
|         44|IMHOFF, Arnold                |   ca 1530|Köln             |  Mai 1574|                 |
|         45|FAUSTGEN, Sophia              |          |                 |vor 8.1568|                 |
|         46|VOLCKWIN, Georg               |          |                 |          |                 |
|         47|ROSS, Gertrud                 |          |                 |          |                 |
Generation XV
|         64|von BERG, Johann              |          |                 |          |                 |
|         65|von LÖVENICH, Catharina       |          |                 |          |                 |
|         66|BREWER, Johann                |          |                 |          |                 |
|         67|von LOHN, Sibilla             |          |                 |          |                 |
|         68|von SCHOELER zu WEILER, Wilhel|          |                 |          |                 |
|         69|von STREITHAGEN, Margaretha   |          |                 |          |                 |
|         70|von ZEVEL, Peter              |          |                 |          |                 |
|         71|von WEISWEILER, Gertrud       |          |                 |          |                 |
|         72|von BLEYMANN, Hubert          |          |                 |          |                 |
|         73|von HOCHKIRCHEN, Ida          |          |                 |  vor 1633|                 |
|         76|RÖMER, Peter                  |   ca 1500|                 | nach 1560|Jülich?          |
|         77|von dem BONGARD, Adriana      |          |                 |          |                 |
|         78|BACH, Franz                   |          |                 |          |                 |
|         79|von AUWE zu MAUBACH, Friderike|          |                 |          |                 |
|         88|IMHOFF, Peter                 | nach 1495|                 | 1547-1550|                 |
|         89|BRAUWEILER, Adelheid          |   ca 1500|Köln             |nach7.1571|Köln             |
|         90|FAUSTGEN, Peter               |          |                 |          |                 |
|         91|BACH, Barbara                 |          |                 |          |                 |
|         92|VOLCKWIN, Johann              |          |                 |          |                 |
|         93|von ALTENA, Anna              |          |                 |          |                 |
|         94|ROSS, Wilhelm                 |          |                 |      1556|Köln             |
|         95|BARS, Gertrud                 |          |                 |01.05.1573|Köln?            |
Generation XVI
|        136|von SCHOELER zu WEILER, Peter |          |                 |          |                 |
|        137|von ZEVEL,                    |          |Puth bei Heerlen |          |                 |
|        138|von STREITHAGEN, Dietrich     |          |Merzenhausen     |          |                 |
|        139|von WIDDENDORF, Magdalena     |          |Boisdorf bei Düre|          |                 |
|        142|von WEISWEILER, Johann        |          |                 |  vor 1510|                 |
|        143|von MARCKEN, Gertrud          |          |                 | nach 1509|                 |
|        146|von HOCHKIRCHEN, Roland       |          |                 | nach 1566|                 |
|        147|von HAMBACH, Agnes            |          |                 | nach 1566|                 |
|        154|von dem BONGARD, Johann       |          |                 |          |                 |
|        155|von ERCKENTHIEL, Elisabeth    |          |                 |          |                 |
|        156|BACH, Thomas                  |          |                 |  vor 1509|                 |
|        157|von MARCKEN, Sibylla (Helena?)|          |                 |  vor 1509|                 |
|        158|von AUWE, Lorenz              |          |                 |          |                 |
|        176|IMHOFF, Martin                |   ca 1468|Köln             |03.07.1552|Köln             |
|        177|LÜTZENKIRCHEN, Elisabeth      |          |                 |    4.1517|                 |
|        178|BRAUWEILER, Arnold            |   ca 1470|Köln             |03.07.1552|Köln             |
|        179|BRUGGEN, Helene               |          |                 |  vor 1557|Köln             |
|        180|FAUSTGEN, Peter               |          |                 |  vor 1517|Düren?           |
|        181|, Sophia                      |          |                 | nach 1535|                 |
|        182|BACH, Johann                  |          |                 |          |                 |
|        183|von BONN, Sophia              |          |                 |          |                 |
|        184|VOLCKWIN, Heinrich            |          |                 |          |                 |
|        185|, Gertrud                     |          |                 |          |                 |
|        186|von ALTENA, Georg             |          |                 |          |                 |
|        187|, Adelheid                    |          |                 |          |                 |
|        188|ROSS, Heinrich                |          |                 |          |                 |
|        189|von BORNHEIM, Cäcilia         |          |                 |          |                 |
|        190|BARS, Anton                   |          |                 |          |                 |
|        191|HOVELMANN, Catharina          |          |                 |          |                 |
Generation XVII
|        272|von SCHOELER zu WEILER, Heinri|          |                 |          |                 |
|        273|von IMMENDORF,                |          |                 |          |                 |
|        276|von STREITHAGEN, Gerhard      |          |                 |          |                 |
|        277|von GRESSENICH, Margaretha Cat|          |                 |          |                 |
|        286|von MARCKEN, Johann           |      1416|                 |   12.1509|Haus Veldenstein |
|        287|von BIRGEL, Sophia            |   ca 1420|                 |  vor 1470|Marcken          |
|        292|von HOCHKIRCHEN, Johann       |          |                 |          |                 |
|        294|von HAMBACH, Heinrich         |          |                 |  vor 1531|                 |
|        295|von HOCHSTEDEN, Ida           |          |                 |          |                 |
|        312|BACH, Nicolaus                |          |                 |          |                 |
|        313|, Gertrud                     |          |                 |          |                 |
|        352|IMHOFF, Martin                |   ca 1430|                 | 1485-1487|                 |
|        353|STARCKENBERG, Catharina       |          |                 |          |                 |
|        354|LÜTZENKIRCHEN, Peter          |          |                 |      1514|Köln             |
|        355|KABEBE von KEYSERSWERDE, Sophi|          |                 |          |                 |
|        356|BRAUWEILER, Johann            |          |                 |          |                 |
|        357|, Margaretha                  |          |                 |          |                 |
|        358|BRUGGEN, Tilmann              |          |                 |      1511|Köln             |
|        359|van EICKENONGEN, Adelheid     |          |                 | nach 1527|                 |
|        378|von BORNHEIM, Wilhelm         |          |                 |          |                 |
|        379|, Margaretha                  |          |                 |          |                 |
|        382|HOVELMANN von AICHE, Dionysius|          |                 |          |                 |
|        383|, Anna                        |          |                 |          |                 |
Generation XVIII
|        544|von SCHOELER zu WEILER, Wilhel|          |                 |          |                 |
|        545|von STOMMEL, Maria            |          |                 |          |                 |
|        546|von IMMENDORF, Godard         |          |                 |          |                 |
|        554|von GRESSENICH, Matthias      |          |                 |          |                 |
|        555|GRYN von ALDENHOVEN, Anna Elis|          |                 |          |                 |
|        572|von MARCKEN, Heinrich         |   ca 1385|                 |   ca 1438|Marcken          |
|        573|N:, N:                        |          |                 |          |                 |
|        574|von BIRGEL, Johann            |          |                 |          |                 |
|        575|von ZEVEL, Adelheid           |          |                 |          |                 |
|        584|von HOCHKIRCHEN, Edmund       |          |                 |          |                 |
|        588|VETGEN von HAMBACH, Thys      |          |                 |          |                 |
|        589|von HACKSTEIN, Anna           |          |                 |          |                 |
|        590|von HOCHSTEDEN, Arnold        |          |                 |  vor 1531|                 |
|        591|DAUWENS, Irmgard              |          |                 |          |                 |
|        624|BACH, Thomas                  |          |                 |          |                 |
|        625|, Mechtild                    |          |                 |          |                 |
|        704|IMHOFF (in ghen HOVE), Heinric|          |                 |          |                 |
|        705|von BRENICH (BROICH),         |          |                 |          |                 |
|        710|KABEBE von KEYSERSWERDE, Peter|          |                 |          |                 |
|        711|vamme SANDE, Neesgen (Agnes)  |          |                 |          |                 |
|        712|BRAUWEILER, Reinhard          |          |                 |          |                 |
|        713|, Adelheid                    |          |                 |          |                 |
|        718|van EICKENONGEN, Syffard      |          |                 |          |                 |
|        719|, Mechtild                    |          |                 |          |                 |
Generation XIX
|       1088|von SCHOELER zu WEILER, Gottfr|          |                 |          |                 |
|       1089|von GRESSENICH,               |          |                 |          |                 |
|       1090|von STOMMEL, Johann           |          |                 |          |                 |
|       1091|von NEUENHOF, Bela            |          |                 |          |                 |
|       1110|GRYN von ALDENHOVEN, Johann   |          |                 |          |                 |
|       1111|von REUSCHENBERG, Maria Elisab|          |                 |          |                 |
|       1144|von MARCKEN, Johann           |   ca 1360|Marcken          |   ca 1431|Marcken          |
|       1145|, Catharina?                  |          |                 |          |                 |
|       1148|von BIRGEL, Johann Nyt        |          |                 |          |                 |
|       1149|von BINDFELD HELLENBERG,      |          |                 |          |                 |
|       1180|von HOCHSTEDEN, Arnold        |          |                 |          |                 |
|       1181|von BEINHEIM, Ida             |          |                 | nach 1506|                 |
|       1182|DAUWENS, Heinrich             |          |                 |          |                 |
|       1183|von SCHIMMELPENNICK, Bela     |          |                 |          |                 |
|       1248|BACH, Conrad                  |          |                 |          |                 |
|       1408|IMHOFF (in ghen HOVE), Franz  |          |                 |          |                 |
|       1409|, Druda                       |          |                 |          |                 |
|       1422|vamme SANDE, Johann           |          |                 |          |                 |
|       1423|, Fiegge (Sophia)             |          |                 |          |                 |
Generation XX
|       2176|von SCHOELER zu WEILER, Albert|          |                 | nach 1439|                 |
|       2177|von PATTERN,                  |   ca 1360|                 |          |                 |
|       2180|von STOMMEL, Gottschalck      |          |                 |          |                 |
|       2181|von MILLENDONK, Mechtildis    |          |                 |          |                 |
|       2182|von NEUENHOF, Daem            |          |                 |          |                 |
|       2183|von ODENKIRCHEN, N:           |          |                 |          |                 |
|       2288|von MARCKEN, Hermann          |          |                 |v.7.9.1409|                 |
|       2296|von BIRGEL, Winemar Frambach N|          |                 |          |                 |
|       2297|von RODE, Alveradis           |          |                 |      1393|                 |
|       2360|von HOCHSTEDEN, Arnold        |          |                 |          |                 |
|       2361|SUDERMANN, Sibylla            |          |                 |          |                 |
|       2496|BACH, Heinrich                |          |                 |          |                 |
Generation XXI
|       4354|von PATTERN, Gerhard          |          |                 |          |                 |
|       4360|von STOMMEL, Ludewich         |          |                 |      1370|Köln             |
|       4361|von NEUENAHR, Ida             |          |                 |      1395|                 |
|       4366|von ODENKIRCHEN, Rabod        |          |                 |          |                 |
|       4592|von BIRGEL, Engelbrecht Nyt   |          |                 |          |                 |
|       4593|von SPIEGEL zum IRRGANG, Richm|          |Köln             |      1360|                 |
|       4594|von RODE, Balduin             |          |                 |          |                 |
|       4720|von HOCHSTEDEN, Johann        |          |                 |          |                 |
|       4721|vamme HORNE, Mettel           |          |                 |          |                 |
|       4722|SUDERMANN, Heinrich           |          |Dortmund         |09.10.1421|Köln             |
|       4723|von ALDENBRECKERFELD, Sibylla |          |                 | nach 1437|                 |
Generation XXII
|       8720|von STOMMEL, Gerhard          |          |                 |          |                 |
|       8721|von REIFFERSCHEID, Anna       |          |                 |          |                 |
|       9184|von BIRGEL, Johannes          |          |                 |          |                 |
|       9185|, Richarda                    |          |                 |          |                 |
|       9186|von SPIEGEL zum IRRGANG, Matth|          |                 |          |                 |
|       9187|von HORN (de CORNU), Richmodis|          |                 |          |                 |
|       9440|von HOCHSTEDEN, Wilhelm       |          |                 |          |                 |
|       9441|von FRECHEN, Barbara          |          |                 |          |                 |
|       9442|vamme HORN, Franko            |          |                 |          |                 |
|       9443|von EFFEREN, Bela             |          |                 |          |                 |
|       9444|SUDERMANN, Arnold             |          |                 |      1433|Dortmund         |
|       9445|CLEIHORST, Anna               |          |                 |          |                 |
|       9446|von ALDENBRECKERFELD, Gerwin  |          |                 |      1414|Köln             |
|       9447|, Sibylla                     |          |                 |          |                 |
Generation XXIII
|      17440|von STOMMEL, Ludwich          |          |                 |          |                 |
|      17442|von REIFFERSCHEID, Rudolf     |          |                 |  vor 1323|                 |
|      17443|von KLEVE, Adelheid           |          |                 |          |                 |
|      18368|von BIRGEL, Winemar Frambach  |          |                 |          |                 |
|      18372|von SPIEGEL zum IRRGANG, Phili|          |                 |05.09.1325|Köln             |
|      18373|SCHERFGIN, Johanna            |          |                 |          |                 |
|      18374|von HORN, Franko              |          |                 |  vor 1283|                 |
|      18375|von LYSKIRCHEN, Richmodis     |          |                 |          |                 |
|      18880|von HOCHSTADEN, Arnold        |          |                 |          |                 |
|      18881|, Hilla                       |          |                 |          |                 |
|      18886|OVERSTOLZ von EFFEREN, Johanne|          |                 |  vor 1409|                 |
|      18887|von HALL, Metza               |          |                 | nach 1409|                 |
|      18888|SUDERMANN, Arnold             |          |                 |  vor 1357|                 |
|      18889|, Jutta                       |          |                 |          |                 |
|      18892|von ALDENBRECKERFELD, Gottscha|          |                 |          |                 |
Generation XXIV
|      34880|von STOMMEL, Matthias         |          |                 |      1270|                 |
|      34884|von REIFFERSCHEID, Friedrich I|          |                 |      1281|                 |
|      34885|von MALBERG, Anna (Hadwig?)   |          |                 |          |                 |
|      34886|von KLEVE, Derik Luvo         |          |                 |      1311|                 |
|      34887|von KESSEL, Elisabeth         |          |                 |          |                 |
|      36744|von SPIEGEL (de SPECULO), Matt|          |                 |05.12.1298|Köln             |
|      36745|HARDEFURT, Mettildis          |          |                 |          |                 |
|      36746|SCHERFGIN, Gerardus           |          |                 |06.04.1308|Köln             |
|      36747|, Elisabeth                   |          |                 |          |                 |
|      36748|von HORN, Franko              |          |                 |          |                 |
|      36749|von HOLTE, Christine          |          |                 |          |                 |
|      36750|CROP von LYSKIRCHEN, Constanti|          |                 |   1304-06|                 |
|      36751|vom NEUMARKT (de NOVO FORO), R|          |                 |          |                 |
|      37760|von HOCHSTEDEN, Wilhelm       |          |                 |  vor 1331|                 |
|      37761|, Jutta                       |          |                 |  vor 1331|                 |
|      37772|OVERSTOLZ, Johannes           |          |                 | nach 1377|                 |
|      37773|, Mechtild                    |          |                 |          |                 |
|      37774|von HALL, Bruno               |          |                 |          |                 |
|      37775|von LOUVENBERG, Mechtild      |          |                 |          |                 |
|      37776|SUDERMANN, Bertram            |          |                 |  vor 1303|                 |
|      37777|KLEPPING, Gertrud             |          |                 |          |                 |
Generation XXV
|      69760|von STOMMEL, Rütger           |          |                 |      1185|                 |
|      69768|von REIFFERSCHEID, Johann I   |          |                 |          |                 |
|      69769|von ISENBURG-KEMPENICH, Jutta |          |                 |          |                 |
|      69770|von MALBERG, Goswin?          |          |                 |          |                 |
|      69772|von KLEVE, Derik              |          |                 |04.10.1275|                 |
|      69773|von HEINSBERG, Adelheid       |          |                 |          |                 |
|      69774|von KESSEL, Henrik            |          |                 |          |                 |
|      73490|HARDEFURT, Philipp            |          |                 |          |                 |
|      73491|, Elisabeth                   |          |                 |          |                 |
|      73492|SCHERFGIN, Gerardus           |          |                 |          |                 |
|      73493|de LINTGASSE, Guderadis       |          |                 |          |                 |
|      73496|BIRKLIN von HORN, Franko      |          |                 |          |                 |
|      73497|LINTLAR, Justina              |          |                 |          |                 |
|      73498|von HOLTE, Adolf?             |          |                 |  vor 1255|                 |
|      73500|CROP von LYSKIRCHEN, Canstanti|          |                 |          |                 |
|      73501|OVERSTOLZ, Margaretha         |          |                 |          |                 |
|      75520|von HOCHSTADEN, Arnold        |          |                 |          |                 |
|      75521|, Aleidis                     |          |                 |          |                 |
|      75544|OVERSTOLZ, Johannes           |          |                 |  vor 1345|                 |
|      75545|, Hilla                       |          |                 |          |                 |
|      75548|von HALL, Bruno               |          |                 |      1356|                 |
|      75549|, Mathilde?                   |          |                 |          |                 |
|      75550|von LOUVENBERG, Johann        |          |                 |          |                 |
Generation XXVI
|     139520|von STOMMEL (STUMBELE), Gottfr|          |                 |          |                 |
|     139536|von REIFFERSCHEID, Friedrich I|          |                 |          |                 |
|     139544|von KLEVE, Derik              |          |                 |          |                 |
|     139545|von MEISSEN, Hedwig           |          |                 |      1249|                 |
|     139546|von HEINSBERG, Henrik         |          |                 |          |                 |
|     146984|SCHERFGIN, Richolfus          |          |                 |          |                 |
|     146985|de MACELLIS (von SCHIDERICH), |          |                 |          |                 |
|     146992|BIRKLIN, Hermann              |          |                 |          |                 |
|     146993|, Officia                     |          |                 |          |                 |
|     146994|von LINTLAR, Heidenricus      |          |                 |   1277/78|                 |
|     146995|de LINNEFE, Blithildis        |          |                 |          |                 |
|     147000|CROP von LYSKIRCHEN, Ludevicus|          |                 |          |                 |
|     147001|, Odgevardis                  |          |                 |          |                 |
|     151088|OVERSTOLZ, Gerardus           |          |                 |      1322|                 |
|     151089|HARDEVUST, Sophia             |          |                 | nach 1328|                 |
Generation XXVII
|     279072|von REIFFERSCHEID, Gerhard II |          |                 |      1198|                 |
|     279088|von KLEVE, Arnold             |          |                 |          |                 |
|     279089|von HEINSBERG, Adelheid       |          |                 |     12.2.|                 |
|     279090|von MEISSEN, Derik            |          |                 |          |                 |
|     293968|SCHERFGIN, Hermann            |          |                 |          |                 |
|     293969|, Irmengardis                 |          |                 |          |                 |
|     293984|BIRKLIN, Werner               |          |                 |          |                 |
|     293985|, Richmund                    |          |                 |          |                 |
|     293988|von LINTLO, Hermannus         |          |                 |          |                 |
|     293989|, Elisabeth                   |          |                 |          |                 |
|     294000|CROP von LYSKIRCHEN, Erenfridu|          |                 |          |                 |
|     294001|, Margaretha                  |          |                 |          |                 |
|     302176|OVERSTOLZ, Gerardus           |          |                 |   ca 1301|                 |
|     302177|de TRAPPA, Alstradis          |          |                 |          |                 |
|     302178|HARDEVUST, Bruno              |          |                 |          |                 |
Generation XXVIII
|     558144|von NIEDERLOTHRINGEN, Gerhard |          |                 | nach 1166|                 |
|     558176|von KLEVE, Derik              |          |                 |27.03.1172|                 |
|     558177|von SULZBACH, Adelheid        |          |                 |02.11.1189|                 |
|     558178|von HEINSBERG, Goswin         |          |                 |          |                 |
|     587936|, Ricolf invenis              |          |                 |          |                 |
|     587968|BIRKLIN, Gerhard Werner       |          |                 |          |                 |
|     587969|, Beitildis                   |          |                 |          |                 |
Generation XXIX
|    1116288|von NIEDERLOTHRINGEN, Walram I|          |                 |06.08.1139|                 |
|    1116289|von GELDERN, Jutta            |          |                 |24.06.1151|                 |
|    1116352|von KLEVE, Arnold             |          |                 |          |                 |
|    1116353|von BRABANT, Ida              |          |                 |27.07.1163|                 |
|    1116354|von SULZBACH, Gevehard        |          |                 |          |                 |
|    1175936|BIRKLIN, Hermann              |          |                 |          |                 |
|    1175937|, Mettildis                   |          |                 |          |                 |
Generation XXX
|    2232576|von NIEDERLOTHRINGEN, Heinrich|   ca 1060|                 |      1119|                 |
|    2232577|von POTTENSTEIN, Adelheid     |          |                 |13.8.n1106|                 |
|    2232578|von WASSENBERG und GELDERN, Ge|          |                 |  vor 1138|                 |
|    2232579|de POITOU, Clementia          |          |                 | nach 1129|                 |
|    2232704|von TOMBERG, Derik            |          |                 |          |                 |
|    2232705|von LOON, Berta               |          |                 |          |                 |
|    2232706|von BRABANT, Godfried         |          |                 |          |                 |
Generation XXXI
|    4465152|von ARLON, Walram II          |          |                 | nach 1070|                 |
|    4465153|von NIEDERLOTHRINGEN, Jutta   |   ca 1040|                 |          |                 |
|    4465154|von POTTENSTEIN, Botho        |          |                 |01.03.1104|                 |
|    4465155|von SCHWABEN, Judith          |          |                 | 1094-1104|                 |
|    4465156|FLAMENS, Dietrich             |          |                 |      1082|                |
|    4465158|AIGRET de POITOU, Peter Wilhel|   ca 1023|                 |      1058|                 |
|    4465159|von LONGWY, Ermesinde         |          |                 | nach 1058|                 |
|    4465410|von LOON, Arnold              |          |                 |          |                 |